The current heat expansion comes as no surprise as it was predicted earlier but what makes it worst is the impacts it has produced. 

By looking at the past 2 months, it won’t be wrong to say that Pakistan is currently bearing one of the hottest summers and the temperature is expected to rise in unusual manner. 

The harshness of current weather has not just affected the human lives but also the animals and crops have extremely suffered with the heat severity. The crops have tilted and the mango production has reduced significantly causing a huge reduction in mango exports. The country is expected to suffer a 10% reduction in annual wheat yield and 30% reduction in mangoes production, hitting agricultural sector with an unprecedented loss.

“Pakistan is experiencing a spring-less summer with record high temperatures, according to Pakistan Metrological Department.’

The unusual heat spread is not limited to certain areas but have covered extensive territories not just in Pakistan but in India as well. The substantial and prolonged effects of heat wave have wrapped major parts of South Asia, bringing with it socio-economic crisis in 2022. Since this year, the temperature has increased earlier than before, the monsoon season is expected to be drier than normal.

The temperature has risen up to 42 degrees Centigrade in Karachi and Islamabad while Lahore is experiencing 46 degrees Centigrade in May. The highest temperature was recorded in Ubauro, Ghotki, Jacobabad i.e. 51 degrees Centigrade followed by Nawabshah with 50 degrees Centigrade in mid May. 

Damages caused by the heat expansion

The term ‘heat wave’ became dominant in 2015 when more than 1500 people died due to dehydration in deadly summer caused by the high scorching levels of heat. It is reported that a few parts of Karachi are expected to experience the heat conditions similar to the 2015’s heat wave dilemma. 

The dehydration during this wave plays a major role in causing kidney problems, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal diseases. The unnecessary exposure to sunlight can lead to disturbing consequences such as heat strokes and hyperthermia within less than 6 hours. A significant number of deaths and faintness has been reported which can get worsen with severe heat expansion. 

One of the major casualties caused as a consequence of heat wave is the strain on electric power grids which result in blackouts and load-shedding for several hours. The electricity shortage makes people tolerate unbearably hot temperature with no access to fans or air conditioners. 

Pakistan is also suffering major power outage, leaving people survive without electricity for 8 to 12 hours or even more in rural areas. The current load-shedding dilemma also results in water scarcity that can be alarming at certain levels. The country is already going through water shortage and with water scarcity prevailing in certain areas; Pakistan is expected to go through environmental degradation and unhygienic water consumption for long terms. 

Wrap up

The drastic climatic change is reaching to alarming state where it has become crucial to take immediate steps. Unfortunately, there is no such step taken at larger levels to mitigate the global warming or to control the heat cruelty. 

Deforestation, burning of fossil fuels, emission of harmless industrial smoke, lack of recycling at primary levels, poor water infrastructure, etc. has badly affected the surroundings. 

The death toll due to extreme heat waves has increased which is bothersome at every level. The need of the hour is to take certain steps at individual level. Start with plantation, promote your kids to make your environment greener, paint the rooftops green to reduce the warmness, try to avoid heavy electricity consumption and keep your surroundings cleaner and greener. 

These tiny steps when combined at individual level can create a huge difference. The disastrous heat is affecting our planet and we need to be more responsible to make our surroundings a happy and cooler place for every living entity. 

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